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Association of Cities of KR - Kyzyl-Kiya
Kyzyl-Kiya
City profile

Development strategy

WELCOME TO THE CITY OF KYZYL KIA!

Kyzyl Kiya is one of the big industrial centers in Batken oblast. It belongs to a type of cities having well-developed urban traits including a formed city-type infrastructure (electricity, telecommunications, central water supply and sewerage system, central heating), cultural objects, availability of labor force and dense settlement of people.

Transit motor highways and a railway pass through the city and connect it to Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Russia. The city has an airport as well, which can service domestic and international flights. There are digital telephone communication and Internet access.

This well developed infrastructure is an advantage of Kyzyl-Kiya over other cities of the southern region of Kyrgyzstan.

The favorable investment climate is manifested by an easy access to city industrial and social infrastructure, highly qualified personnel and abundant natural resources; both mineral and agricultural.

Thus, we present this profile of Kyzyl-Kiya City to you and trust it will be useful to you in learning about our city as a possible location for your business activities.

Contacts:
Kyrgyz Republic, 715200, Batken oblast,
Kyzyl-Kyia City, Mir 60 Street
tel. (996-3657) 3-61-74
fax (996-3657) 3-60-26;
E-mail: adm26@mail.bishkek.gov.kg



City profile


1. GENERAL INFORMATION

Kyzyl-Kia was founded in 1898, was granted the status of a city in 1938 and is now a city of oblast importance.

GEOGRAPHY. Kyzyl-Kia City is strategically located on the northeastern border of Batken Oblast at the crossing of the Osh-Sulukta and Osh-Fergana motor highways. It is 150 km. east of Batken City, the Batken oblast center; 86 km. southwest of Osh and 39 km. southeast of the City of Fergana, the center of Fergana oblast of Uzbekistan.

The Osh-Sulukta motor highway which passes through Kyzyl-Kiya crosses the rayon centers of Nookat, Kadamjay, Batken and Leylek rayons and, partly, through territory of Hodjen oblast of the Republic of Tajikistan.
Additionally, a highway connects Kyzyl-Kiya with Andizhan City of the Republic of Uzbekistan, passing the rayon centers of Marhamat and Kuvin rayons of Andizhan oblast.
Kyzyl-Kiya City has a railway that connects it to the Republics of Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Russia. The railway station is equipped with necessary loading and unloading mechanisms.

There is an airport which, given overhaul of the take-off and landing strip, could service Kyzyl-Kiya/Bishkek and Kyzyl-Kiya/Cholpon-Ata/ Almaty flights.
Kyzyl-Kiya city is located at 1,058 meters above sea level. The winter period is not long and is comparatively warm. Spring and autumn during the last ten years were characterized by heavy rains. Summer is hot and dry.

The area of the city is 5,300 ha. The territory of Ak-Bulak aiyl okmotu, which is located inside the city territory, occupies 2,188 hectares; including 1,737 hectares of irrigated and 451 hectares of dry-farming land and 490 hectares of personal plots of citizens? households. Agricultural land is suitable for growing grain cultures of all sorts, as well as vegetables, potatoes, fruits, melons, gourds and oil cultures.

POPULATION. According to the last national census in 2000, the population of the city, together with Ak-Bulak aiyl okmotu, amounts to 43.7 thousand people; 11.2% of the Batken Oblast population and 0.9% of the total population of the Republic. Urban population is equal to 31.8 thousand people and rural population is 11.9 thousand people. Over 17 thousand people are employed.
Representatives of more than 50 nationalities and ethnic groups live and work in the city including (thousand people) 24.8 Kyrgyz, 4.1 Russians, 7.4 Uzbek, 2.6 Tajic, 1.7 Tatars, 0.6 Turk, and 2.5 other nationalities.

Distribution of population by gender and age

 

#

Population

Thousand people

Notes

1.

All population

43.7

 

2.

Male

21.4

 

3.

Female

22.3

 

4.

Children under 16

17.4

 

5.

Female from 16 to 55 years old

11.5

 

6.

Male from 16 to 55 years old

10.4

 

7.

Female older than 55

2.8

 

8.

Male older than 60

1.6

 

 

#

Population by employment groups

Approximate number

Notes

1.

Preschool children of 1 to 6 years old

7,000

 

2.

Pupils of 6 to 16 years old

10,900

 

3.

Higher education students (city residents only)

5,300

+5,000 non-residents

4.

Public servants

200

 

5.

Engaged in educational area (HEI, SEI, PL)

2,100

 

6.

Engaged in health care

1,500

 

7.

Engaged in industry

2,000

 

8.

Engaged in agriculture

4,600

 

9.

Engage in services

200

 

10.

Pensioners

5,400

 

11.

Unemployed

2,600

 

12.

Adults not registered in other categories
(housewives and others)

1,900

 

 

2.ECONOMY

Analysis of gross output for period of 1999 ? 2002 are given in the table below (in mln. soms).

Indicators

1999

2000

2001

2002

% share of each sector in 2002 gross output

Gross output

669.5

690.5

522.8

522.1

 

of which:

 

 

 

 

 

- industry

420.0

429.3

281.2

292.5

56.0

- agriculture

200.0

200.0

165.0

149.0

28.5

- construction

14.1

15.6

23.1

22.4

4.3

- transport

2.5

2.3

2.6

2.4

0.5

- services

32.9

43.3

50.9

55.8

10.7

The decline in Gross Output in 2001 and 2002 from previous years is mainly attributable to the tobacco fermentation industry (which produces 70% of Gross Industrial Output of the city) moving substantial production from the City of Kyzyl-Kiya to Nookat rayon of Osh Oblast.

In total, the following enterprises currently function in the city:

  1. industrial enterprises ? 13
  2. construction organizations ? 3
  3. transport organizations ? 3
  4. small enterprises ? 133
  5. co-operatives ? 3
  6. communication and municipal services enterprises ? 5
  7. procurement and sale organizations ? 1
  8. farmer households ? 641

The main enterprises, their products and forms of ownership are described by section below:

Coal mining enterprises: ?Kyzyl-Kiya Komur JSC?. Products - coal, gypsum. Form of proprietorship ? collective. ?Besh-Burkhan Komur Ltd.? ? brown coal. Form of proprietorship ? state-owned.

Construction materials industry: ?Nur-KM JSC? ? bricks, glyage. Form of proprietorship ? collective. ?Temir-Beton JSC? ? reinforced concrete products. Form of proprietorship ? private. ?Shakhtostroy JSC? ? construction and erection works. Form of proprietorship ? private.

Light industry: ?Dinamo Sewing Factory? ? sewing products, garments. Form of proprietorship ? state-owned.
Food and agri-processing industry: ?Nan JSC? ? bread, fruits and vegetables. Form of proprietorship ? collective. ?Kyzyl-Kiya Tobacco Fermenting Plan? ? fermented tobacco. Form of proprietorship ? state-owned. ?Agroplast CK? ? processing and preservation of agricultural products. Form of proprietorship ? collective. ?Elena Ltd.? ? sausage products, processing of agricultural products. Form of proprietorship ? private. ?Kristall JSC? ? mineral water, beer, non-alcoholic beverages. Form of proprietorship ? private.

Flour and wheat and mixed fodder industries: ?Dan JSC? ? flour and bakery products. Form of proprietorship ? collective.

Machinery construction and metals processing: ?Machinery Construction Plant, Open JSC? ? chains for chainsaws and miscellaneous accessories. Form of proprietorship ? private. ?TSEMM JSC? ? repair of rotary pumps, production of miscellaneous goods. Form of proprietorship ? private.

Among the under-exploited economic potentials of the city, the following are notable:

  • A number of big mineral deposits are located near the city such as kaolin clay to produce ceramic items, basalt raw materials to produce superthin basalt fiber, highly fireproof clay to produce drain pipes, tiles, cement, slates, as well as loess soils to produce bricks, gypsum, etc. Some of the mined raw materials are currently processed at construction industry enterprises listed above. There are major resources of brown coal as well.
  • The sort of aromatic tobacco, ?Dubek?, which is grown in our region only, is used as an additive in cigarette production. Tobacco factories of Moscow, Armavir and companies of Great Britain and the USA are the potential consumers of this tobacco. The biggest tobacco-fermentation plant, having an annual production capacity of 20 thousand tons of fermented tobacco, is located in the territory of Kyzyl-Kiya City. Construction of a cigarette factory on the basis of the above mentioned plant seems to be a feasible and profitable investment.
  • Ak-Bulak okmotu, has more than 2,500 hectares of agricultural land suitable for growing vegetables, melons, gourds, fruits and oil cultures which are sold at very competitive prices and exported abroad.
  • Availability of pure natural water is the richest raw material for bottling of portable table water and for other industrial and technical purposes.
  • Isfairam-Sai River (average outflow equal to 22 cubic meters per second) flows 11 km distant from the city. It is suitable for construction of a small hydroelectric power plant which could produce cheap electric energy.
  • The landscape of the city and the city?s geographic location meet all the preconditions for developing a big wholesale market for goods and a free customs zone.

BANKS, OTHER FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS:

  • Kyzyl-Kiya branch of JSB ?Kyrgyzstan?
  • Kyzyl-Kiya branch of Saving Bank ?Kyrgyzstan?
  • 11 credit associations

- Branches of Finca, Ak-Maral-South, International Mercy Fund and Kyrgyz Agricultural Financial Corporation.

BUSINESS AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTIONS:

  • City Branch of Population Employment Center
  • City Board on Entrepreneurship Protection
  • City Board on Investments Attraction
  • Grant Attraction Working Group
  • ?Consult-bank? Business Center.

Structure of households expenditures:
- Purchase of food for household --52.3%
- Purchase of everyday consumer goods, medicines and washing goods -10.2%
- Purchase of other non-food products ? 22.7%
- Payment for municipal services ? 14.8%

EMPLOYMENT OF POPULATION

The economically active population of working age of the city is equal to 20,218. At present 2,637 people are registered in the city employment center, of which 1,840 have a legal unemployed status. Formal unemployment is, therefore, equal to 9.1%.

Number of the unemployed registered in 1996-2002

 

Years

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

Unemployed

2,724

1,456

1,140

873

750

1,393

1,840


Microcredits are extended to support the unemployed. In 2002, 14 citizens got microcredits totaling 82.5 thousand som. At present they are engaged in individual businesses. Creation of new work places is one of the main directions of implementation of an active labor market policy. Despite limited finances, the city hall takes all possible actions to render help to enterprises and organization in creation of work places for the unemployed and for those who have difficulties in finding a job. Starting from the beginning of the year, 1,077 new work places have been created in the city, including:

  • 176 work places in enterprises and organizations;
  • 495 work places due to development of small- and medium size businesses;
  • 40 work places due to attraction of investments;
  • 59 work places in the agricultural sector
  • 307 work places as a result of employment enhancement funds.


Forecast of creation of new work places in Kyzyl-Kiya City

 

2003

2004

2005

Total new work places

1,210

1,305

1,465

Including:

 

 

 

In enterprises

200

230

290

Due to development of small and medium businesses

530

550

600

In agricultural sector

50

55

60

Due to foreign investments

40

50

60

Due to activities of employment enhancement fund

390

420

455

Forecast of the basic measures to be taken at Kyzyl-Kiya labor market in 2003-2005

Name of a measure

in 2003

in 2004

in 2005

1. Economically active population, thou. People

20.6

20.8

21.0

2. Employed population, thou. People

16.6

17.2

18.0

3. Work places to be ?stimulated? in private enterprises

500

600

900

4. Professional training, people

140

160

180

5. Public paid work

350

380

400

6. Microcredit, people

25

40

50

7. Benefit to be paid to unemployed

400

450

500

3. STRUCTURE OF LOCAL SELF GOVERNMENT

ORGANIZATIONAL SCHEME OF THE CITY KENESH AND ITS STANDING COMMISSIONS

City Kenesh comprises 20 deputies. 18 deputies are divided between the following standing commissions:

  • Budget, economy and finance commission ? 5 deputies. Chairman ? Deputy A. Shamshydinov.
  • Health care, education, ecology, sports and tourism commission ? 4 deputies. Chairman ? Deputy K.N. Tagayev.
  • Commission on human rights and law protection, ethics of deputies, public organizations and the matters of local administration -- 5 deputies. Chairman ? Deputy Zh. T. Matashev.
  • Commission on industry, transport, communications and rural issues -- 4 deputies. Chairman ? Deputy C. Murzakanov.

ORGANIZATIONS PROVIDING PUBLIC SERVICES IN THE CITY

Organization

Number of employees

Kyzyl-Kiya City Hall Administration

15

City Municipal Property Department

3

City Culture department

31

City Department on Architecture and Construction

6

City Committee on tourism, sports and youth policy

11

City social protection department

16

City social fund department

19

City education department (including teachers )

965

City Territorial hospital

1498

City Population employment center

5

Gosregister office in the city

8

MUNICIPAL SERVICES ENTERPRISES

JSC ?City Cleaning Enterprise? (solid waste, roads, greening services ) (city owned enterprise)

105

JSC ?Osh Electr? Regional Power Station (electric power plant) (owned by state)

80

JSC Osh TPS (regional heating plant) (Owned by state)

22

City Economic Cooperative Housing Management Enterprise ?Zhilservice? (City of Kyzyl Kiya founded enterprise)

11

House Management Enterprise KKP (state founded enterprise)

11

City Water Enterprise (founded by Kyrgyz Zil Komun Sayuz)

118

Problems to be solved:

  • Further development of territorial subdivisions of local administration rendering municipal services to population (bath houses, etc.).
  • Creation and development of condominiums in the city.

 

 

4. PUBLIC SERVICES

4.1. Health care

Kyzyl-Kiya territorial hospital of Kyzyl Kiya city serves 43,000 citizens of the city. In addition, it provides medical aid to the populations of the Aravan, Nookat, Kadamjai and Batken rayons. The center of family medicine extends medical and sanitary aid. 12 groups of family doctors are working in the hospital.

Health care services and institutions located in Kyzyl Kiya City

 

Service

Institution

Hospitals

City Territorial hospital, City TB clinic, City Karavan hospital

Out-patient and diagnostics branch

Central hospital receives up to 500 patients per day,
12 groups of family doctors

Sanitary and epidemics station

City sanitary and epidemics station

Dentists? branch

City Stomatological polyclinic

There are 3.2 doctors per 1000 people; average national level ? 3; oblast level ? 1.6
There are 14.5 beds per 1000 people, national level ?7.04
Baby mortality ? 16.1; national level ?21.7; oblast level ?25.6.
Mother mortality 1-124 promiles per 100,000 live born children.
The vaccination of children up to 1 year old is fulfilled 86.0 % And children from 1 to 7 years old 84.0%

Problems to be solved:

  • Lack of medical facilities for complete examination of patients: bronchial tube scope, colonoscope, ultrasonic testing facility, X-ray, ECHO encephalograph, Electrocardiograph, BI monocular microscope
  • Lack of funds to acquire medicines for medical first aid.
  • Shortage of narcosis breathing equipment for the surgery room of TB section and child delivery branch.
  • The necessity to acquire and transport equipment to perform control over vital activity of patients when exercising intensive therapy for adults and children.
  • Facility for preparing blood components.
  • Lack of lab analyzers
  • Lack of funds to buy medical periodicals to maintain the educational level of medical workers.
  • Arrangement of specialization and advanced training of medical personnel abroad.

4.2 Education

The city education department, jointly with the department of municipal property of city hall, exercises management of secondary schools and kindergartens located in the city.

Secondary Schools and Kindergartens and number of places and pupils

 

Type

Sitting places

Number of pupils

Secondary Schools ?14
Of which: Compete secondary ? 10
Non-complete secondary ?4

7,857
7,440
407

10,913
9,761
1,052

Kindergartens ? 5

312

518

Kyrgyz-Turk lyceum

550

188

 

Higher education institutions and number of students (Higher institutions, secondary professional training institutions, professional lyceums).

?

Type

Number of students

1.

Kyzyl-Kiya Institute of Technology, Economics and Law of Batken State University (fields: economy, technology, technical disciplines, jurisprudence and pedagogy)

2,807

2.

Kyzyl-Kiya Humanitarian and Pedagogical Institute of Batken State University (specialties: Kyrgyz language and literature, Russian language and literature, Tadjik language and literature, Uzbek language and literature, history, jurisprudence, foreign languages, biology and chemistry, information systems in economy, mathematics, geography, pedagogy and international relations)

3,681

3.

Kyzyl-Kiya branch of Kyrgyz Mining and Metallurgical Institute (specialties: economy and management of mining works, environmental protection and rational usage of natural resources, metallurgy of non-ferrous metals, development of mineral resources, mining machinery and equipment, geology)

603

4.

Kyzyl-Kiya Branch of Kyrgyz-Uzbek University (faculties: economy, jurisprudence, accounting and others)

320

5.

Kyzyl-Kiya Mining College (specialties: technology of open-pit and underground development of coal deposits, exploitation and repair of electric and mechanical equipment and automatic facilities, accounting, economy, environmental protection)

415

6.

Kyzyl-Kiya Medical College (specialties: nursery, midwifery and medical attendance, dentist technician and pharmaceutical chemist)

1,042

7.

KNU Branch (specialties: jurisprudence, history, philology, and others)

400

8.

Professional Lyceum #7 (specialties: excavator operator, fitter and adjuster of control and measuring equipment, cook of express catering, seller of industrial goods, cutter)

408

9.

Professional Lyceum #8 (specialties: mechanic-technician, irrigation mechanic , farmer, accountant, auto crane operator)

400

10.

Professional Lyceum #70 (specialties: carpenter, joiner, cabinet-maker, mason, welder, fitter, concrete worker, rigger of steel and reinforced concrete structures, cookery specialist, seamstress (electric sewing machine operator) tailor, secretary-typist, PC operator)

267

Total

10,343

NON-SCHOOL INSTITUTIONS:

Children?s Sport Club 27 groups with 392 people being educated
Children?s Educational Center ?Meerim? 16 study groups with 300 people being educated

Problems to be solved:
1. 70% of schools need capital repair

  • Lack of textbooks and manuals
  • Lack of school furniture
  • Lack of qualified personnel due to low salary
  • Lack of laboratory and practical study equipment

4.3 Culture and sports

Central city library was built in 1963 and owns 65,000 books. It has four branches containing an additional 66,000 books. Children?s library is located under Children Education Center and owns 14,000 books. Starting from 1991, a children?s theater (drama studio) has been functioning under the library

Being one of the oldest in the oblast, the City Museum of History is a main contributor to dissemination of historic knowledge and patriotic and esthetic upbringing of the young generation. Secondary school pupils make excursions to the museum as well as students of higher and special education institutions, guests of the city and citizens. Every year up to 2,600 visitors come to the museum, of which 1,820 come on individual visits and 780 on excursions. City museum of history was founded in 1974. Total area of the museum is 692 m2 and there are 7 exhibition halls.

Park of Culture and Rest occupy 6 hectares of land. This year, volunteers repaired attractions from enterprises and organizations. City hall also owns the Oleum sport camp that is 11 km away from the city, which was previously owned by the Mashzavod JSC. Upon capital repairs of buildings and installations, the camp could be used as a camp for development of horse-riding tourism.

The Merim natural boundary children?s health camp is located 30 km. away from Kyzyl-Kiya in Abshir-Ata. The camp was founded in 1972. During summer holiday season, about 1,000 children previously rested in the camp in three shifts each year. Financing used to be covered at the expense of Shakhtoupravleniye (Department of Mining) of the oblast trade union committee and, partly, at the population?s expense. With with the collapse of the Soviet Union, the camp ceased to function. However, in 2002, at the expense of oblast trade union, education workers, enterprises, organizations and city institutions, partial repair of the camp took place. Approximately 500 children rested in the camp during summer season. In order to procure the relevant conditions for the children during summer break it is necessary to repair all the facilities, the swimming pool, purchase furniture and other items.

Problems to be solved:

  • A House of Culture is needs to organize education groups: dance class, folklore, drama studio, sound recording studio, volunteer socialization group.
  • Sound amplifier facilities of 1 KW power are necessary to conduct city events at the stadium and open grounds: sound recording facilities for arrangement of a studio.
  • The central library needs capital repair, money for replenishment of the book fund with modern educational literature and fiction computerization.
  • The historic museum needs additional financing. Due to the lack of funds, the museum capacity is not being replenished. Capital repair of the building is necessary. The museum has no water supply or heating.
  • The Park of Culture and Rest is under self-financing. To diversify leisure of the population, new attractions should be acquired (there are only six in the Park).
  • Children rehabilitation camp ?Meerim? needs capital repair.

In the city there are the following sport facilities:
1. City stadium - 1 (5 thousand places)
2. Football grounds - 6
3. Sports complex KITEP - 1
4. Basketball grounds - 18
5. Volleyball grounds - 18
6. Gymnasiums - 15

Problems to be solved :

  • Lack of sports facilities and equipment
  • the city stadium needs capital repair (dressing rooms, showers, subsidiary rooms, seats on the stands, administration building) and creation of a football ground irrigation system.

4.4 Housing Sector

House Management Enterprise ?KKP? is a structural subdivision of the Department of the Communal Property of the KR and services 33 multi-storied buildings having 1,339 apartments of total area 66,935 square meters and living area of 43,449 square meters. 64 apartments are not yet privatized (total area 2,920 square meters, living area ? 1,984 square meters).

Economic Cooperative Enterprise ?Zhilservice? is a self-financing enterprise. It is a part of the structure of the Department of Municipal Property under City Council of Kyzyl-Kiya and services 75 multi-storied houses in Kyzyl-Kiya city. That comprises 2,089 apartments of 100,172 square meters area of which 111 apartments with total area 8,811 square meters and living area 5,675 square meters are not yet privatized.

There are 8,467 individual houses with total area of 544,522 square meters and living space of 357,022 square meters.

Problems to be solved:

  • high accounts receivable from the population for services rendered;
  • lack of funds for capital repair of roofing of multi-storied buildings and engineering equipment (replacement of pipe lines, shutters, valves of heating systems, hot and cold water supply in the 1st micro-region houses #24 and # 28)

4. 5 Social Protection

Kyzyl-Kiya City Department of Population Social Protection is responsible for execution of national, oblast and city programs of population social support.

Programs of support for people with low income are envisaged, such as compensations for municipal services and electric power payment, as well as programs of medical care. In 2002, aid was rendered to the sum of 3,500 thousand som, 10% of which was financed from city budget.

Poverty level in 2002

Status

In Kyzyl-Kiya City and Ak-Bulak Ayil Okmotu

 

Families / People

%

Very poor families having income up to 352 som / month

3,982/15,833

36.8/36.5

Poor families having income up to 353- 584 som / month

1,773/ 6,086

16.4/14.0


Problems to be solved:

  • It is impossible to provide jobs for all population.
  • A rehabilitation center for disabled children is needed.
  • A boarding house for single old people is needed.

4.6 Markets and possibilities for distribution

City hall issues permits on opening and operating of markets. In Kyzyl-Kiya City, retail trade is done at 5 standing markets and 4 mini-markets owned by individuals, as well as in about 30 shops. More than 1,500 sellers work at city markets.

In 2002 retail trade turnover amounted to 478.4 million som or 119.5% in comparison with the same period of the previous year.

4.7 Water Supply

Kyzyl-Kiya City Water Enterprise is a structural sub-division of Kyrgyz Zil Komun Sayuz which supplies potable water to economic entities and the city population. Kyzyl-Kiya City Water Enterprise has 9,267 connections, including: residential connections ? 9,180; communal enterprises and utilities ? 68, industrial enterprises ? 19. Assets of Kyzyl-Kiya City Water Enterprise amount to 8,525.8 thousand soms.

Potable water is supplied from three water intakes: Isfairam, Kulushtan and Tak-Tek.

Isfairam water intake Water is taken from open water basin, i.e. from mountain river Isfairam-Sai, having intake capacity of 500-600 cubic meters per hour.
Kulushtan and Tak-Tek water intakes have 8 wells, but no water reserve. Water intake capacity is equal to 350-450 cubic meters per hour.

In 2002, the daily volume of supplied water has been equal to 4,845 cubic meters out of which 868 cubic meters/day are supplied to budgetary organizations, 100 cubic meters/day ? to industrial enterprises and the balance to residences.
The length of water supply lines is equal to 314 km. The first water supply lines were constructed in 1924-36 and now their depreciation is equal to 70-80%. The quality of supplied water corresponds to the standards Sanitary Pi N2 4 ? 559-96.

The financial condition of the Municipal Water Enterprise:
The revenues in 2001 were 3,782.3 thousand som and expenses ? 4,309.5 thousand som resulting in losses of 527.2 thousand som. The residual value of fixed assets was 2,719.6 thousand som. Average cost - 1 m3 of water was 2.45 soms/cubic meter. Because of the low fixed tariffs and poor collections for consumed water, the Municipal Water Enterprise incurs losses.
Problems to be solved:

  • Receivables as of October 1, 2002 amounted to 5,054.3 thousand som, of which more than 3.0 million som is the debt of the population.
  • Absence of funds for the construction of a small hydroelectric power station on Isfairam-Sai river for energy generation, and also for irrigation and watering;
  • Deterioration of water supply systems and stop valves;
  • Absence of funds for construction of reagent facilities in the Isfairam-Sai water system;
  • Absence of devices for accounting for water (hydrometers) in water intakes and at customers;
  • Absence of irrigation water in the city that results in watering of ground areas with drinking water;
  • Deterioration and shortage of pump units;
  • Absence of digging machines and specialized auto machines with equipment.
  •  
  • 4.8 The Sewerage System
  •  
  • The sewerage system of the city is served by the Kyzyl Kiya City Water Enterprise. The centralized sewage system covers 3,600 connections which produce 711 m3 of waste water per day, and 16 enterprises and establishments producing 101,4 m3 per day.
  • The sewage disposal plant was constructed in 1982, its estimated capacity is 25 thousand m 3 / day and a length of sewage header is 22 km.
  •  
  • In 2002, the sewerage system actual revenues amounted to 1,096.9 thousand som, expenses ? 1,032.2 thousand som, generating a profit ? 64.7 thousand som. The annual cost of treating 1 m3 of waste water was 1,71 soms.
  •  
  •  
  • Problems to be solved:
  • Big accounts receivable from people and budgetary organizations. The main debtors for consumed water and for sewerage treatment are the people and the city budgetary organizations.
  • Replacement of a sewage header in the area of joint-stock company ?Kristall? is necessary
  • Replacement of a sewage header in ?60 Years of Kyrgyzia? street is also necessary (diameter 400);
  • It is necessary to make a complete overhaul or replacement of blower installation;
  • Absence of disinfecting facilities;
  • Lack of the chemical agents for laboratory researches.

4.9. Electric Power Supply

Electricity is generated by a division of Public Joint Stock Company ?Osh Electr? Kyzyl - Kiya Regional Power Station controlled by the National Electricity Network JSC .

The length of the city 6 kilowatt air-lines is 129,8 km; 0.4 kilowatt inside-lines 239 km.; 6 kilowatt cable lines - 40 km, - 0,4 kilowatt cable lines - 50 km. The number of working transformer substations is 139 units.
Problems to be solved:

  • 70 percent reconstruction of all objects is required.
  • Construction of 12 extra substations is required, in the areas of: Ak-Bulak ayil okmotu- 2 units, Caravan village?2, Park?2, Palace of Culture-2, School # 6 -1, Kara-Kozu TOS-1, Microdistrict # 1 - 1, Kaltak village - 1.
  • Receivables as of December 1, 2002 amounted to 18,198.7 thousand som, including those of the population ? 12,906 thousand som.
  • The electricity consumption limit in 2002 has been set at 123 million KW/hour while the needed supply is 154 million KW/hour. This leads to systematic chain blackouts, but the City Council is working towards abandoning the practice of chain blackouts and shifting to address blackouts for the especially notorious non-payers.

4.10. Communications
Services of telecommunication in the city are provided by the Kyzyl ? Kyia branch BOF of Joint-Stock Company ?Kyrgyztelecom? which serves 4,500 numbers. That includes 4,088 numbers of analog and 412 numbers of digital communication. In the city, there is a central automatic telephone exchange on the basis of ?TSK 100/2000 with 2,500 number capacity, PSK-1000 - on 1,000 numbers. There is an automatic telephone exchange 100/2000 - of 500 numbers in Caravan village.
A city radio unit used to function under the Kyzyl-Kiya branch of JSC ?Kyrgyztelecom? with two commentators employed. Broadcasting in the city was conducted in two languages ? Kyrgyz and Russian. However, due to obsolete equipment and lack of funds, the unit ceased to function in 1998. Due to absence of local TV and radio broadcasting, the population has no opportunity to receive full information in the areas of politics and economy. It is possible to purchase the necessary equipment in Ruddis, in Novosibirsk City, at a cost of approximately 10-15 thousand dollars.
Problems to be solved:

  • Low consumer purchasing power of the population and significant accounts receivable in the amount of 3,334 thousand som.
  • Absence of equipment for city radio broadcasting;
  • Instability of communication caused by interruptions of the electric power;
  • Absence of quality telecommunication between subscribers served by the Kyzyl ? Kia branch because of technical obsolesence and physical deterioration of equipment of automatic telephone exchange and linear- cable facilities;
  • Absence of city TV broadcasting;
  • Low level of a computerization, out-of-date equipment and impossibility to have wide access to Internet.

4.11 Heating and Hot Water Supply
The regional boiler-house of Kyzyl - Kyia is part of Osh JSC TPS ?Electric Stations? which is owned by the state and was set into operation in 1983. Prior to 1995 , it supplied 64 multi-storied buildings with heat. However, in 1995, after closing of coal mines and losing of communication with suppliers of spare parts, the system was rationalized and 3 units of electric boilers AKV -4000/6-2 with total capacity of 811,32 Gcal were assembled which are still working.
Today, only 28 of the original 64 multi-storied apartment houses are connected to the heating system of local rayon boiler house as well as the following objects:

  • City territorial hospital
  • Children's hospital # 1 and # 2
  • SES
  • Secondary schools # 2 and # 4.
  • Kindergarten # 18
  • Boarding school
  • Dormitory of Medical school
  • Mining college
  • Professional Lyceum # 70

Problems to be solved:

  • Receivables as of 1.12.02 amount to 1.2 million som.
  • Because of a shortage of the established facilities, 36 multi-storied apartment houses are cut - off from heating;
  • The heating systems which are located on the territory ?f ?Yanvarski? village with the length of 8.6 km became completely inoperable, therefore apartment houses are not heated;
  • Among the working heating systems which are located in the 1st microdistrict (29.2 km), 18.4 km are in an unsatisfactory condition;
  • Because of the hard water, house pipes are now encrusted and that leads to low heat transfer and requires their complete replacement;
  • The annual expenses of the boiler-house are approximately 15.0 million som, and payment for provided heat energy amounts to only 3.5 million som. Therefore, annual losses are 11.5 million som which are paid for by state subsidies.
  • For reestablish normal work of the thermal power station it is necessary:
  • To transfer the work of boilers to solid fuel ;
  • To establish 3 extra electro boiler KAV 4000/6-2 in Yanvarski village.
  • To put extra pumps which are carrying out various functions - 13 units and boilers - 2 units.
  • To replace the pipes from 76 up to 200 mm of diameter in two lines - 24 km.
  • To replace pipe valve from 76 up to 200 mm of diameter. In the number of 480 units.

 

4.12. Solid Waste Management, Roads and City Greening and Maintenance

SOLID WASTE: Removal of domestic solid wastes from the private sector and enterprises is carried out in accordance with contracts signed by City Cleanliness Enterprise and individuals and companies. Of the 31.8 thousand people of Kyzyl-Kiya city (not counting Ak Bulak Ayl Okmotu) 18.0 thousand are using services provided by City Cleanliness Enterprise. The tariff for removal of domestic solid waste, in accordance with the approved norms for collection of domestic solid waste products, is 5 som 10 tiyin per month per person, at norm of 2,0 m3 collected per year. And multi-storied building tariff is 4 som 15 tiyin per month per person at norm of 1,2 m3 collection per year

The Antimonopoly Policy Committee under the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic sets the solid waste tariffs.

The removal of solid waste from the city territory is carried out on a regular scheduled basis by 3 groups of workers. 44 containers have been placed for collecting domestic solid waste. The collecting of garbage from dumps is carried out by an autoloader and ZIL garbage truck.
36,800 m3 of domestic solid waste are removed from the territory of the city annually.

Objects of municipal property under Economic Management by City Cleanliness Enterprise

#

Name

Year of putting into operation

Length

Other units

  •  

Roads

1965-85

68,2 km

55.2 km of which is asphalted

  •  

Channels, irrigation ditches

1965-85

76,0 km

 

  •  

Sidewalks

1965-85

32,5 km

 

  •  

Bridges, ferries

1959-89

0,12 km

5 bridges

  •  

Squares

-

0,5 sq km

 

  •  

Boulevards

-

-

-

  •  

Cemeteries

1959

 

5 cemeteries 895 plots

  •  

Street lighting systems

1965-85

50,5 km

 

  •  

Trees along the roads and pavements

-

 

7,159 trees

  •  

The borehole in microdistrict 1

 

 

1 unit - 10 m3/h

  •  

Pump station - 2 unites

1984

 

2 units

  •  

Mud dam on Zhal?Sai river

1999

 

1 unit

Problems to be solved: To provide normal sanitary conditions in the city, the enterprise needs:

    • Purchase of special transports - excavators, bulldozers, graders, snow-removing machines, water carriers cars etc.
    • Financial resources for spare parts to special machines and for buying of fuel.
    • To collect a significant amount of debt from people.
    • Construct a mini-factory on utilization of hard domestic wastes.

    ROADS: The length of the roads in the city is 68,2 km; 55,2 km of them are covered with asphalt and 13,0 km with gravel. The length of sidewalks is 32,5 km.
    Problems to be solved:
    70 % of asphalted roads in the city need major repairs,
    30 % of gravel roads need to be covered with asphalt
    Major repairs of the runway of Kyzyl ? Kyiski airport is also required.
    For Street lighting systems of the city with the length of 50,5 km, it is necessary to establish 388 extra lamps.
    Financial resources are required for gardening of the city streets, squares, parks and for buying of saplings.
    It is also necessary to repair 3 bore-holes and 2 pump stations for watering of green plantings along the roads and pavements.
    To prevent and eliminate road and transport accidents, it is necessary to carry out works on patching repairing of roads on time. In addition it is necessary to establish 4 traffic lights and 120 traffic signs.

    4.13 Land Use Planning and Permits

    The Department on Architecture and Construction at the Kyzyl ? Kiya city administration carries out preparation of the permission documentation on designing, construction and re-profiling on the city territory.
    Existing plans include:
    The General Plan on the City Perspective Development was designed by a project of the ?Kyryzgiprostroi? institute in 1987. In 1990, upon an order of Gosstroy of Kyrgyzstan, the General Plan of Kyzyl - Kiya was updated by the Central Science and Research Institute for City Construction located in Bishkek.

    In accordance with the Resolution of the Government of the KR # 57 of 3.02.00, the maximum time required for obtaining permission documents for construction, are identified as follows:

    • For capital construction - 53 days
    • For individual houses construction - 29 days
    • For re-profiling - 27 days
    • For capital construction under investment projects - 63 days

    Problems to be solved:
    There are no funds for preparation of new General Plan on the Perspective City Development.

    4.14. Land Management and Registration of Real Estate Rights

    Kyzyl - Kiya division on land management and registration of real estate rights, which is a structural subdivision of Gosregistr (State Register) of the KR, carries out registration of real estate rights. The division consists of two departments: a department on land management and a department on registration of real estate rights and has 8 persons on staff.

    4.15 Environment

    The city division on environmental protection, which is a structural subdivision of the Ministry of Ecology and Emergencies and has a staff of 1 person, deals with issues of nature protection and ecology on the territory of the city. To improve the ecological situation in the city, the ?Territorial-Complex Program on the City Environment Nature Protection? was worked out. The program is directed at implementation of the outlined plans for recovery of atmospheric air, ground, surface and underground waters, and also at allocation of the dangerous landslips, mudflows, boggy and waste ground areas for gardening. In general, the city ecological situation meets the norms.

    Problems to be solved:

    • Lack of money for sanitary clearing, gardening and scavenging.
    • Absence of irrigation water for irrigation of young plantings in summertime on the city territory.
    • Lack of money for combating rodent pests (buying of insecticide, baits etc.) who destroy the city ecosystem.

     

     

    4.16 Civil defense

    Civil Defense functions are carried out by the local office of the Ministry of Environment and Emergencies located in the city. This office provides communal and technical service: engineering service; service of power system and blackout; notification and communication service; medical service; service of animals and plants protection; logistics service; fire fighting service; service of a social order protection and a system of supervision and a laboratory control.

    4.17 Transport

    The city hall, through its department of municipal property, controls functioning of passenger transportation within the city territory. In February, 2003 there will be a bidding on providing passenger bus transportation. Passenger transportation tariffs are set according to city hall agreement.

    Joint-stock company ?Kyzyl-Kiya PATP?. Passenger transportation. There are 2 long-distance routes, 14 suburban routes, 9 intercity routes.
    The number of vehicles: Buses - 52 units, Cargo trucks- 2 units, Car - 1 unit.

    Joint-stock company ?Sapar?. Cargo road transport. Number of vehicles ? 57. In 2002 there were transported 449.5 thousand tons of cargoes. Number of workers - 65 persons

    The main problems are:

    • Instability of the prices for the petroleum products
    • Lack of the spare parts and completing materials.
    • There are no financial resources for transport updating. The average age of vehicles is 12-15 years.

    Railway Station Kyzyl - Kiya
    The railway station was constructed in 1926, the administrative building in 1936. The length from Uzbek border is 7 km of railway development - ten fixed lines. Since 1994, Kyzyl-Kiya station became the authority of the Kyrgyz Railways. Its staff is at present 42 people. Permanently functioning railway line Kyzyl-Kiya ? Kuvasay allows to freely transport cargoes of economic nature. It passes the city until the industrial site of JSC ?Kyzyl-Kiya Komur JSC?.

    Commercial railway siding - 5:

    • Joint-stock company ?Kyzyl ? Kiya komur?
    • Joint-stock company ?Dan - Azyk?
    • Joint-stock company ?Nur ? KM?
    • Joint-stock company ?Kadamzhaiski ail komok?
    • Joint-stock company ?Uch-Korgon selhozkhimiya?

    Processing ability of Kyzyl?Kiya station is 50 railway carriages per day. For this purpose a high open platform for cargo handling, a frame crane for processing of small shipping containers are available. On a branch line of ?Kyzyl-Kiya komur? joint-stock company, there is a bitumen hole and other constructions and facilities.
    On a branch line of ?Dan - Azyk? joint-stock company there is a grain elevator for unloading of loose cargoes and flour.

    The ?Nur ? KM? joint-stock company has a space equipped for discharging of black oil products.
    The ?Uch-Korgon selhozkhimiya? joint-stock company has covered storage rooms and equipment for reception of fertilizers.
    ?Kadamzhaiski ail komok? joint-stock company has a high open platform for cargo handling, a frame crane for processing of cargoes and storage facilities.

    5. BASIC INDICATORS OF THE CITY BUDGET

    The actual expenditures in the 2001 budget were 41.2 million soms including 9.6 million soms for utility expenses. Originally approved budget for 2002 was only 29.9 million soms including only 2.2 million soms for utilities. During the budget year, additional transfers were provided by the central government such that the budget increased to 45.0 million soms including 9.5 million soms for utilities. Securing adequate funding to pay utilities expenditures on a timely basis, and thus ensure the continuing financial viability of municipal service enterprises, is a continuing problem.
    Actual expenditures in 2002 of 45.0 million were dedicated 43% to education and 36% to public health, leaving only 21% for all other city functions. In 2002, the actual expenses per resident were approximately 1030 soms per resident.

    Revenue side of the Kyzyl-Kiya city budget (in thousand of soms)

    Revenues by Sources

    2001
    Actual

    2002
    Approved Plan

    2002 Actual

    State taxes

     

     

     

    Income tax

    228.3

    384.5

    658.0

    Profit tax

    417.0

    1,270.0

    540.2

    Excises

    315.0

    73.3

    3,431.8

    Revenue from Mandatory Patenting

     

    57.9

    14.3

    Total state taxes

    960.3

    1,785.7

    4,644.3

    Local taxes

     

     

     

    Confiscations and penalties

    0

    84.6

    0

    Payment of arrears on property tax accrued in 1995-1996

     

     

    1.2

    Tax for rendering of paid services to the people

    2,641.9

    1,749.9

    3,461.5

    Hotels tax

    2.7

    3.8

    1.4

    Vehicles parking fees

    18.8

    16.8

    40.5

    Tax for removal of garbage

    82.6

    107.5

    105.3

    Tax from transport vehicles owners

    288.1

    338.3

    230.4

    Land tax from individuals

    165.6

    151.6

    152.9

    Land tax from legal entities

    305.9

    2,033.5

    1,133.1

    Total Local tax revenues

    3,505.6

    4,486.0

    5,126.3

    Non tax revenues

     

     

     

    State duty

    638.8

    636.0

    706.8

    Other non tax revenues

    99.8

    116.8

    689.9

    Total: non tax revenues

    738.6

    752.8

    1,396.7

    Special means

    3,659.6

    3,914.7

    4,083.2

    Total tax, non tax and special means

    8,864.1

    10,939.0

    15,250.5

    Categorial grants

    20,295.2

    18,994.4

    19,770.1

    Equalization grants

    1,500.0

    0

    1,194.1

    Other transfers from the state budget

    11,324.0

    0

    8,818.0

    Total revenues with taking into account official transfers

    41,983.3

    29,933.4

    45,032.7

     

     

     

     

    Expenditures

    2001 Actual

    2002
    Approved Plan

    2002 Actual

    Expenses by economic activity

     

     

     

    State services

    2,530.9

    1,607.0

    5,352.2

    Defense

    37.4

    43.2

    149.2

    Public order

    45.0

    56.6

    70.4

    Education

    18,046.1

    12,722.7

    19,409.9

    Public health service

    18,108.1

    13,970.1

    15,977.7

    Social protection

    614.9

    475.5

    784.7

    Housing and communal services

    1,098.6

    148.0

    2,028.1

    Culture and sports

    386.7

    449.4

    835.7

    Agriculture

    0

    0

    15.1

    Other services not attributed to other items

    101.9

    460.9

    27.0

    Total expenditures with special means

    40,969.6

    29,933.4

    44,650.0

    Balance to be carried over

    258.7

    0

    382.7

    Total expenditures

    41,228.3

    29,933.4

    45,032.7

    Expenses by items

     

     

     

    Wages

    17,753.4

    16,253.3

    18,907.8

    Social fund allocations

    5,106.3

    4,063.4

    4,760.4

    Travel expenses inside of the country

    205.6

    46

    466.0

    Purchasing of the equipment and materials

    252.0

    122.0

    861.1

    Medicines and dressings materials

    787.9

    878.0

    349.5

    Food

    1,231.0

    949.0

    1,358.1

    Transport

    472.9

    402.0

    672.5

    Municipal services

    9,607.5

    2,299.0

    9,565.4

    Other purchases and services

    367.6

    702.3

    1,934.0

    Major repairs

    394.2

    70.0

    358.6

    Subsidies

    1,098.6

    148.0

    1,025.1

    Privileges

    173.4

    85.8

    205.1

    Special means

    3,519.2

    3,914.6

    4,186.4

    Balance to be carried over

    258.7

     

    382.7

    Total expenses on economic items

    41,228.3

    29,933.4

    45,032.7


    6. ASSETS IN cOMMUNAL pROPERTY

    The city hall owns 55 other types assets worth 27,988.0 thousand soms (buildings, structures, communications etc.)

    7. NGOs and organizations Established by communities

    The city is divided into 9 territorial public self-governments (TOS): Yanvarski, Pervomaiski, Kara-Kozu, Suhana 1 and Suhana 2, Microdistrict, Kenchiler, BAM, Mash Factory ?Alai?, Kulatova.
    Currently, 21 NGOs are registered in Kyzyl-Kiya City that carry out their activity in the fields of protection of consumer rights rights (2), charity (5), education and a science (1), help to disabled children (1), KOS and KOG (1), veterans of the Great Patriotic War (1), veterans of the war in Afghanistan (1), youth (1), women (1), refugees (1), health (1), investment attraction (3), informational consulting (1), information and resource center (1) .
    There are 9 mosques and 1 orthodox church, as well as Russian, Korean, Uzbek and Tadjik National and Cultural centers situated on the territory of the city.

     

     

    8. OTHER

    There are 2 newspapers published in the city ? ?Mezgil zharchisi? (1 time every 10 days with a circulation of 1000 copies) and ?Za ugol? (once per week with a circulation of 1500 copies).




    Development strategy


    Purpose of the City Development Strategy and Action Plan:

    The purpose of the City Development Strategy and Action Plan (CDSAP) is to develop a comprehensive framework for guiding the future development of the City of Kyzyl-Kiya until 2010. It must cover all aspects of importance to the city and it residents, not just those aspects under the management of the city administration. Therefore, the CDSAP must actively involve the entire community including the city administration, deputies of the city kenesh, other levels of government, NGOs, CBOs, the business community in the identification of problems and priorities and in mobilizing resources to overcome them and realize the full potential of the City of Kyzyl-Kiya. The aim is to get all organizations and individuals working together to the greater benefit of the community with a shared vision and a shared strategy of how to achieve that vision.

    The CDSAP must be consistent with the Comprehensive Development Framework, the National Poverty Reduction Strategy, the National Strategy for Decentralization and Further Development to 2010 and the Social and Economic Development Program of Kyzyl-Kiya City for 2001-2005.

    The City Development Strategy must be linked to a practical Action Plan in order to be implemented. Therefore, the CDSAP contains a framework of prioritized action areas that must be addressed between now and 2010. This will provide a general framework for the development of the annual budgets and work plans of the city administration as well as establishing the framework of cooperation and partnership between the city government and CBOs, NGOs, the business community and other sectors of the community.

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